1.3.5. OutputStream Code Samples

From the book:

In Listing 1.1, we create a FileOutputStream to the file data.bin.gz. We decorate this with GZIPOutputStreamBufferedOutputStream, and DataOutputStream. Each link in the chain adds functionality. We then write 10 million random integers between zero and 1,000.

Listing 1.1: Writing to a DataOutputStream.

//:~ core/src/main/.../ch01/InputStreamDemo.java
try (var out = new DataOutputStream(
    new BufferedOutputStream(
        new GZIPOutputStream(
            new FileOutputStream(
                "data.bin.gz"))))) {
  // write ten million random ints between 0 and 1000 to
  // data.bin.gz, compressing the file with GZIP on the fly
  ThreadLocalRandom.current().ints(10_000_000, 0, 1_000)
      .forEach(i -> {
        try {
        } catch (IOException e) {
          throw new UncheckedIOException(e);
  out.writeInt(-1); // our EOF marker

In Listing 1.2, we read from a DataInputStream, which in turn reads from BufferedInputStreamGZIPInputStream, and FileInputStream.

Listing 1.2: Reading from a DataInputStream.

//:~ core/src/main/.../ch01/InputStreamDemo.java
try (
    // declared "fis" separately to ensure it is closed, even
    // if the file does not contain a proper GZIP header
    var fis = new FileInputStream("data.bin.gz");
    var in = new DataInputStream(
        new BufferedInputStream(
            new GZIPInputStream(fis)))) {
  long total = 0;
  int value;
  // keep reading until value == -1, our EOF marker
  while ((value = in.readInt()) != -1) {
    total += value;
  // we expect total to be approximately 5 billion
  System.out.println("total = " + total);

(The reason we declared the FileInputStream separately is that the GZIPInputStream reads the file header to verify that it is indeed a Gzip file. If the header is incorrect, the constructor to GZIPInputStream throws an exception, in which case the FileInputStream will not be auto-closed if we do not declare it separately.)

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